What is an eyebrow transplant? It is a procedure that was developed for the restoration of scarred, overly thin or entirely missing eyebrows. This absence of eyebrow hairs can be a result of many reasons such as laser hair removal, hormonal or thyroid abnormalities, electrolysis beforehand, genetics, surgical trauma, accidents or burns.
The procedure can be performed using either the Follicular Unit Graft/Strip method or the Follicular Unit Extraction, and calls for the careful creation of the recipient sites for the transplanted hairs to manipulate the direction of growth and angulation of growth. Plus the eyebrows are designed to look as natural, attractive and complementary to the person’s features as possible.
Why have the procedure done
Other methods of making eyebrows seem fuller like daily application of makeup or tattooed eyebrows have their own setbacks such as the unnatural aspect of these alternative solutions. Seeing as an eyebrow transplant obtains hair directly from the patient’s head, the hairs can be made to look as close to the patient’s desires as possible and the hairs are permanent.
The eyebrow transplant procedure is essentially painless and recovery time is somewhere between 5 and 7 days, allowing you to go back to your daily routine as normal. This fact remains the same be it a section of the eyebrow or the entire eyebrow that is being restored.
The rate of regrowth of the transplanted hairs has a tendency to be quite high even though some patients still might not feel like they have attained their desired density and may opt to have another eyebrow transplant done to achieve this result.
The Transplant Procedure
The procedure is quite straightforward. Depending on the degree of what you want to be done be it a small amount of restoration to cover up a scar or a full restoration so as to get thick eyebrows, the process of eyebrow transplantation can include transplantation of anywhere from a minimum of 50 to a maximum of 400 grafts for each eyebrow. A graft contains basically 1 or 2 hairs. Firstly, the eyebrow design is done with lots of feedback form the patient while the doctor ensures the design is appealing and appears as natural as possible. A majority of the patients take an oral sedation and there is essentially no discomfort once anesthesia is injected into the patient with the use of the Wand (a device controlled by computer technology to minimize any sensation).
The donor hairs are basically removed from the back of the head with the use of either a Follicular Unit Extract or Follicular Unit Graft or strip method. The choice of technique is based on a mutual decision between you and the doctor based off of your goals, ethnicity and concerns about the procedure. In an effort to obtain finer hairs, grafts will be obtained from the lowest part of the back of your scalp. The grafts will be prepared under a microscope by a specialized eyebrow team and the doctor will then create all the recipient sites which in turn determine angulation of growth and direction of growth of the hairs.
The grafts will be put into the recipient sites one at a time and this process will undergo supervision from the surgeon while the assistants would be professionals in executing this step. After a few hours, most of the hairs will have been transplanted and the eyebrows will have been checked and double-checked again as many times as possible to ensure the doctor and the patient especially are satisfied with the density of the eyebrows and their shape. The procedure is not finished until the team has created the best eyebrows possible.
The procedure usually takes 4 hours depending on how many hairs will be transplanted; on the lower side 2-3 hours. Patients will be able to leave the office with just a little discomfort at the donor region. Tiny crusts will form around each of the transplanted hairs and you will see some redness at the area for five days or so, afterwards there will be lessening pinkness that you can hide with makeup. Some patients experience considerable swelling and bruising around the eyes during the first 3 days, however, a majority only have mild amounts. If sutures are used in the donor area there will be dissolution after a few weeks and this will leave a fine line scar or if the procedure used Follicular Unit Extraction there will be no linear scar and you will not need sutures.
The hairs that have been transplanted will fall out at roughly 2-3 weeks, then the new hairs will begin regrowth at 4 months. In the course of the second and the third week, the eyebrows will begin to appear quite presentable seeing as the hairs will not have fallen out yet. In the next 6 months following the procedure, the eyebrows will basically become more voluminous. The donor hairs will need to be trimmed after every 2 weeks and groomed as well, seeing as they originate most commonly from the scalp.
Some of the risks associated with the eyebrow transplant procedure may include poor growth of the hair that was transplanted, prolonged pinkness and further widening of a strip donor region. On some occasions, patients choose to have a second procedure done a year later or even more so as to attain more volume.
One can go back to their daily activities approximately 3 days following the procedure but it would be advisable to wait roughly 5-7 days for most of the signs of the eyebrow transplant procedure to disappear.